The 3 Steps to Becoming a Doctor: A Guide

Seeking any profession often has years of learning and studying involved. Most of that studying is done in an organized way, at a formal place of education, often a university, public or private. 

Some people learn through online courses but for some professions, that is not possible and it would present a plethora of different problems, which are worse than the solution of the practicality of online learning.

Becoming a doctor, for example, is something one should never consider doing online. Here are the steps to follow to become a doctor, starting with formal education.

Apply to a Med-school or University

The first thing to do if you want to become a doctor is get formal education. Applying to a med-school or university, depending on how soon you want to start, is essential. At the university, your bachelor studies will involve almost everything regarding the human body, things that a future general practitioner would need. Anything from the nervous system to the anatomy, to the cardiovascular system will be learned, as well as physiology and more.

This is the first and most essential step to becoming a doctor, learning the basics of human medicine.

Post-degree Specialization

Depending on what kind of doctor one wants to be, there is a lot of post-degree work involved. Specialisation is a key part of becoming a very specific type of doctor, such as a cardiologist, a neurologist, a neurosurgeon, a surgeon in general, a psychiatrist, an ophthalmologist, and so on and so forth. Dentists also have specialisations, depending on what kind of dentistry they plan on doing. 

This is another step which takes a couple of years, depending on the specialisation in question. 

A Doctor of Philosophy – PhD

In case one wants to become a doctor of philosophy or to obtain a PhD, the path to one is very similar to the one to become a licensed doctor of medicine. One would first have to obtain their bachelor’s degree and then their master’s degree. The next thing in line would be a doctorate, which can last anywhere from 5 to 10 years, depending on the student, their free time and the type of PhD they are striving to obtain.

A PhD in neuroscience, for example, has nothing to do with surgery, but everything to do with researching the nervous system of humans (or other animals, depending on their specialization).


Becoming a doctor is not an easy route, whether you want to be a doctor of medicine or a PhD in any category. The road is relatively clear for all fields, but the effort and time it takes will depend on the student and their love, passion and effort, mostly the last part.